正则表达式中的 ^ 和 $ 是什么意思?

本教程将介绍正则表达式中的 ^ 和 $ 是什么意思?的处理方法,这篇教程是从别的地方看到的,然后加了一些国外程序员的疑问与解答,希望能对你有所帮助,好了,下面开始学习吧。

正则表达式中的 ^ 和 $ 是什么意思? 教程 第1张

问题描述

What is the difference between "w+@w+[.]w+" and "^w+@w+[.]w+$"? I have tried to google for it but no luck.

解决方案

^ means "Match the start of the string" (more exactly, thebefore the first character in the string, so it does not match an actual character).

$ means "Match the end of the string" (the position after the last character in the string).

Both are called anchors and ensure that the entire string is matched instead of just a substring.

So in your example, the first regex will report a match on email@address.com.uk, but the matched text will be email@address.com, probably not what you expected. The second regex will simply fail.

Be careful, as some regex implementations implicitly anchor the regex at the start/end of the string (for example Java's .matches(), if you're using that).

If the multiline option is set (using the (?m) flag, for example, or by doing Pattern.compile("^w+@w+[.]w+$", Pattern.MULTILINE)), then ^ and $ also match at the start and end of a .

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