职称英语习题资料答案附后

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试题一

第一部分:词汇选项(第1-15题,每题1分,共15分)

下面每个句子中均有1个词或短语划有底横线,请为每处划线部分确定1个意义最为接近的选项。答案一律涂在答题卡相应的位置上。

1. Rodman met with Tony to try and settle the dispute over his contract.

A.mark

B.involve

C.solve

D.avoid

2. We're happy to report that business is booming this year.

A.failing

B.open

C.successful

D.risky

3. If we leave now,we should miss the traffic.

A.avoid

B.mix

C.direct

D.stop

4.In the process,the light energy converts to heat energy.

A.leaves

B.drops

C.reduces

D.changes

5. I was shocked when I saw the size of the telephone bill.

A.surprised

B.lost

C.excited

D.angry

6.Can you give me a concrete example to support your idea?

A.special

B.good

C.real

D.specific

7. We've been through some rough times together.

A.short

B.difficult

C.long

D.happy

8. It was a fascinating painting,with clever use of color and light.A.new

B.familiar

C.large

D.wonderful

9.The company has the right to end his employment at any time.A.offer

B.stop

C.provide

D. continue

10.She gave up her job and started writing poetry.

A.lost

B.abandoned

C.took

D.created

11.The police took fingerprints and identified the body.A.discovered

B.touched

C.missed

D.recognized

12.What are my chances of promotion if I stay here?

A.retirement

B.replacement

C.advertisement

D.advancement

13.We've seen a marked shift in our approach to the social issues.

A.regular

B.great

C.clear

D.quick

14.The thief was finally captured two miles away from the village.

A.found

B.iailed

C.caught

D.killed

15.I propose that we discussed this at the next meeting.

A.request

B.suggest

C.demand

D.order

第二部分:阅读判断(第16-22题,每题1分,共7分)

下面的短文后列出了7个句子,请根据短文的内容对每个句子做出判断:如果该句提供的是正确信息,请选择A;如果该句提供的是错误信息,请选择B;如果该句的信息文中没有提及,请选择C。

The Race into Space

American millionaire Dennis Tito will always be famous.He was the first tourist in space."Ispent sixty years on Earth and eight days in space and from my viewpoint.it was two separatelives,"Tito explained.He loved his time in space."Being in space and looking back at earth isone of the most rewarding experiences a human being can have."

This kind of experience isn't cheap.It cost$20 million.However,Tito achieved his dream.so he was happy."For me it was a life dream.It was a dream that began when I didn't have any money,"he told reporters.

On 30 April 2002,Mark Shuttleworth became the world's second space tourist.Shuttleworth is a South African Businessman.At the age of twenty-eight。he also paid$20 million for the eight.daytrip.

Both Tito and Shuttleworth bought their tickets from a company called Space Adventures.Thecompany has around 100 people already on their waiting list for flights into space.The spaceship totake them doesn't exist yet.

Many of the customers are people who like adventure.They are the kind of people who alsowant to climb Mount Qomolangma.Other customers are people who love space.However,these peo.pie are worried.Because it's SO expensive,only very rich people can go into space.They want spacetravel to be available to more people.

That day may soonhere.Inter Orbital Systems(IOS)plans to send up to four tourists aweek into space.The tours will depart from an island in Tonga.The company promises a packagethat includes forty-five days of astronaut training in Russia and California,seven days in space,anda vacation in Tonga.for$2 million.

However,space flight is still very dangerous.Bill Readdy is NASA'S deputy assistant adminis.trator for space flight.He says that the chances of dying are about 1 in 500.Because of this it maytake time before space tourism really takes off.You might be able to go up,but will you comedown?

16.Dennis Tito was the first tourist in space.

A.Right

B.Wrong

C.Not menhoned

17.Mark Shuttleworth is an engineer from the United States.

A.Right

B.Wrong

C.Not menhoned

18.Both Tito and Shuttleworth have climbed Mount Qomolangma.

A.Right

B.Wrong

C.Not menhoned

19.Space Adventures has about 100 customers waiting for their travel into space.

A.Right

B.Wrong

C.Not mentioned

20.Space Adventures already has a spaceship.

A.Right

B.Wrong

C.Not mentioned

21.IOS will send its tourists into space from Tonga.

A.Right

B.Wrong

C.Not mentioned

22.Bill Readdy thinks that space flight is very dangerous.

A.Right

B.Wrong

C.Not mentmned

第三部分:概括大意与完成句子(第23-30题,每题1分,共8分)

下面的短文后有2项测试任务:

(1)第23-26题要求从所给的6个选项中为第2-5段每段选择1个最佳标题;

(2)第27-30题要求从所给的6个选项中为每个句子确定1个最佳选项。

Intelligent Machines

1 Medical scientists are already putting computer chips(芯片)directly into the brain to helppeople who have Parkinson's disease,but in what other ways might computer technology be able tohelp us?Ray Kurzweil is author of the successful book The Age of Intelligent Machines and is one ofthe world's best computer research scientists.He is researching the possibilities.

2 Kurzweil gets computers to recognize voices.An example of this is Ramona,the virtual(虚拟的)hostess of Kurzweil's homepage,who is programmed to understand what you say.Visitors tothe site can have their conversations with her,and Ramona also dances and sings.

3 Kurzweil uses this technology to help people with physical disabilities.One of his ideas is a"seeing machine".This will be"like a friend that could describe what is going on in the visibleworld,"he explains.Blind people will use a visual sensor(探测器)which will probably be builtinto a pair of sunglasses.This sensor will describe to the person everything it sees.

4 Another idea,which is likely to help deaf people,is the"listening machine".This inven-tion will recognize millions of words and understand any speaker.The listening machine will also beable to translate into other languages,SO even people without hearing problems are likely to be inter-ested

in using it.

5 But it is not just about helping people with disabilities.Looking further into the future,Kurzweil sees a time when we will be able to download our entire consciousness onto a computer.This technology probably won't be ready for at least 50 years,but when it arrives,it means our mindwill be able to live forever.

23.Paragraph 2___________.

24.Paragraph 3___________.

25.Paragraph 4____________.

26.Paragraph 5___________.

A.A new pair of ears

B.Computers that can communicate

C.Everlasting consciousness on a computer

D.Time to break off a friendship

E.An author and researcher

F.A new pair of eyes

27.Ray Kurzweil works with computers to help people___________.

28.Ramona is able to understand_____________.

29.Blind people will be able to see the world with___________.

30.People without hearing problems may also be interested in using____________.

A.what you say

B.a pair of sunglasses

C.the listening machine

D.a visual sensor

E.who have disabilities

F.living forever in a computer

第四部分:阅读理解(第31-45题,每题3分,共45分)

下面有3篇短文,每篇短文后有5道题。请根据短文回答其后面的问题,为每题确定一个最佳答案。

第1篇

Britain's Solo Sailor

Ellen MacArthur started sailing when she was eight,going out Oil sailing trips with her aunt.She loved it so much that she saved her money for three years to buy her first small sailing boat.When

she was 18,she sailed alone around Britain and won the"Young Sailor of the Year"award.

But Ellen really became famous in 2001.Aged only 24,she was one of only two women whoentered the Vendee Globe round the world solo race,which lasts 100 days.Despite many problems,she came second in the race out of 24 competitors and she was given a very warm welcome when shereturned.

Ambition and determination have always been a big part of Ellen's personality.When she was younger,she lived in a kind of hut(棚屋)for three years while she was trying to get sponsorship tocompete in a transatlantic race.Then she took a one-way ticked to France,bought a tiny seven meter Class Mini yacht,slept under it while she was repairing it,and then she raced it 4,000 kilometers across the Atlantic in 1997,alone for 33 days.

Ellen has had to learn many things,because sailing single-handed means that she has to be herown captain,electrician,sail maker,engineer,doctor,journalist,cameraman and cook.She alsohas to be very fit,and because of the dangers of sleeping for long periods of time when she's in themiddle of the ocean.she has trained herself to sleep for about 20 minutes at a time.

And she needs courage.Once,in the middle of the ocean,she had to climb the mast(桅杆)of a boat to repair the sails-at four o'clock in the morning.with 100 kph winds blowing around her.It took her many hours to make the repairs.Ellen says,"I was exhausted when I came down.It'shard to describe how it feels to be up there.It's like trying to hold onto a big pole,which for me isjust too big to get my arms around,with someone kicking you all the time and trying to shakeyou off."But in her diary,Ellen also describes moments which make it all worthwhile(值得的):"Abeautiful sunrise started the day,with black clouds slowly lit by the bright yellow sun.I have a verystrong feeling of pleasure,being out here on the ocean and having the chance to live this.I just feellucky to be here."

31.In the Vendee Globe race,Ellen won

A.a gold medal.

B.the"Best Woman Sailor"award.

C.the"Young Sailor of the Year"award.

D.the second place.

32.Ellen lived in a kind of hut for three years

A.while she was learning how to rcpair sails.

B.while she was trying to get financial support for a race.

C.because she was interested in country life.

D.because she was ambitious for the coming race.

33.The word"solo"in the title could be best replaced by

A.self-starter

B.one performer

C.self.made

D.single-handed

34.According to paragraph 4,which of the following statements is NOT true?

A.She has trained herself to sleep for about 20 minutes at a time.

B.She has to be her own teacher.

C.She has to learn to repair sails.

D.She has to be very fit.

35.How does Ellen feel about the Vendee Globe race?

A.It is surprising.

B.It is relaxing.

C.It is enjoyable.

D.It is dangerous.

第2篇

One-room Schools

One-room schools are part of the heritage of the United States,and the mention of them makespeople feel a vague long for the way things were.One-room schools are an endangered species,however.For more than a hundred years,one-room schools have been systematically shut down andtheir students sent away to centralized schools.As recently as 1930 there were 149,000 one-roomschools in the United States.By 1970 there were 1,800.Today,of nearly 800 remaining one-roomschools.more than 350 are in Nebraska.The rest are scattered through a few other states that haveon their road maps wide-open spaces between towns.

Now that there are hardly any left,educators are beginning to think that maybe there is some-thing yet to be learned from one-room schools,something that served the pioneers that might serve aswell today.Progressive educators have come up with progressive-sounding names

like"peer-groupteaching"and"multi-age grouping"for educational procedures that occur naturally in the one-roomschools.In a one-room school the children teach each other because the teacher is busy part of thetime teaching someone else.A fourth grader can work at a fifth-grade level in math and a third-gradelevel in English without the stigma associated with being left back or the pressures of being skippedahead.A youngster with a learning disability can find his or her own level without being separatedfrom the other pupils.In larger urban and suburban schools today.this is called"mainstreaming."A few hours in a small school that has only one classroom and it becomes clear why SO many parentsfeel that one of the advantages of living in Nebraska is that their children have to go to a one-roomschoo1.

36.We learn from the first paragraph that one-room schools

A.are the best in Nebraska.

B.are becoming more and more centralized.

C.have has a strong influence on American people.

D.need to be shut down.

37.One-room schools are in danger of disappearing because

A.there has been a trend towards centralization.

B.they cannot get top students.

C.they exist only in one state.

D.children have to teach themselves.

38.A major characteristic of the one-room school system is that

A.1earning is not limited to one grade level.

B.pupils mostly study math and English.

C.some children have to be left back.

D.teachers are always busy.

39.It can be learned from paragraph 2 that many parents in Nebraska

A.don't like centralized schools

B.come from other states.

C.received education in one-room schools.

D.prefer rural life.

40.What is the author's attitude towards one.room schools?

A.Critical. B.Humorous.

C.Angry.D.Praising.

第3篇

Citizen Scientists

Understanding how nature responds to climate change will require monitoring key life cycleevent-flowering,the appearance of leaves,the first frog calls of the spring-all around the world.But ecologists can't be everywhere so they're turning to non-scientists,sometimes called citizen sci-entists,for help.

Climate scientists are not present everywhere.Because there are so many places in the worldand not enough scientists to observe all of them,they're asking for your help in observing signs ofclimate change across the world.The citizen scientist movement encourages ordinary people to observe a very specific research interest-birds,trees,flowers budding,etc.一and send their observations to a giant database to be observed by professional scientists.This helps a small number of scientists

track a large amount of data that they would never be able to gather on their own.Much likecitizen journalists helping large publications cover a hyper-local beat,citizen scientists are ready forthe conditions where they live.All that's needed to become one is a few minutes each day or eachweek to gather data and send it in.

A group of scientists and educators launched an organization last year called the National Phenology Network."Phenology"is what scientists call the study of the timing of events in nature.

One of the group's first efforts relies on scientists and non-scientists alike to collect data aboutplant flowering and leafing every year.The program,called Project BudBurst,collects life cycle data on a variety of common plants from across the United States.People participating in the projectwhich is open to everyone-record their observations on the Project BudBurst website.

"People don't have to be plant experts-they just have to look around and see what's in theirneighborhood,"says Jennifer Schwartz,an education consultant with the project."As we collectthis data,we'll be able to make an estimate of how plants and communities of plants and animals willrespond as the climate changes."

41.Ecologists turn to non-scientist citizens for help because they need them

A.to provide their personal life cycles.

B.to observe the life cycle of plants.

C.to collect data of the life cycle of living things.

D.to teach children knowledge about climate change.

42.What are citizen scientists asked to do?

A.To develop a specific research interest and become professional scientists.

B.To send their research observations to a professional database.

C.To increase their knowledge about climate change.

D.To keep a record of their research observations.

43.In"All that's needed to become one…(paragraph2)",what does the word"one"stands for?

A.a citizen journalist.

B.a citizen scientist.

C.a scientist.

D.a citizen.

44.What is NOT true of Project BudBurst?

A.Only experts can participate in it.

B.Everybody can participate in it.

C.It collects life cycle data on a variety of common plants.

D.It has its own website.

45.What is the final purpose of Project BudBurst?

A.To study when plants will have their first buds.

B.To find out the types of plants in the neighborhood.

C.To collect life cycle data on a variety of common plants from across the United States.

D.To investigate ho wwww.qumuban.com plants and animals will respond as the climate changes.

第五部分:补全短文(第46-50题,每题2分,共10分)

下面的短文有5处空白,短文后有6个句子,其中5个取自短文,请根据短文内容将其分别放回原有位置,以恢复文章原貌。

Houses of the Future

What will houses be like in thirty years'time?No one really knows,but architects are trying topredict._________(46) Future houses will have to be flexible.In thirty years'time even more of US will be working fromhome.So we will have to be able to use areas of the houses for work for part of the day and for livingfor the rest.Families grow and change with children arriving growing up and leaving home.__________(47)Nothing will be as fixed as it is now.The house will always be changing to meetchanging needs.

Everyone agrees that in thirty years'time we will be live in"intelligent"houses.We will beable to talk to our kitchen machines and discuss with them what to do.Like this,"We'll be havinga party this weekend.What food shall we cook?"_________(48)We will be able to leave most ofthe cooking to the machines,just tasting things from time to time to check.

The house of the future will be personal-each house will be different._________(49)Youwon't have to paint them-you'll be able to tell the wall to change the color!And you don't like thecolor the next day,you'll be able to have a new one._________(50)

A.The only thing you won't be able to do is move the house somewhere else!

B.What will our home be like then?

C.And the machine will tell us that food we will have to buy and how to cook it.

D.You will be able to change the color of the wall easily.

E.The house of the future will have to grow and change with the family.

F.The kid might take their bedrooms with them as they leave.

第六部分:完形填空(第51-65题。每题1分,共15分)

下面的短文有15处空白,请根据短文内容为每处空白确定1个最佳选项。

A Country's Standard of Living

The"standard of living"of any country means the average person's share of the goods and serv'ices the country produces.A country's standard of living,therefore_________(51)first on its capacitv